Sec 368 of The California Penal Code defines the following criminal acts as within the purview of what is known as Elder Abuse:

a) Physical abuse upon an elderly person, either through the infliction of physical injuries and/or sexual abuse, neglect, abandonment and abduction;
b) Financial abuse upon an elderly person, either through fraud or deceit;
c) Any other action that results in physical and/or mental pain or suffering upon the elderly;

The following are the elements of the crime of felony elder abuse:

1) Willful or negligent actions by the accused upon an elderly person consisting of unjustifiable physical pain or mental suffering or allowing another person to do the criminal acts;
2) The accused’s conduct resulted in great bodily injury or death;
3) The accused knew that the victim was an elderly person;

For a misdemeanor elderly abuse charge, the accused’s conduct may have resulted in injury but in fact did not. With this, the crime is a wobbler and depending upon the factual circumstances of the case and the criminal history of the accused, the prosecutor may charge the offense as either a felony or a misdemeanor offense.

The following are the penalties imposable for the crime of Elder Abuse:

a) For misdemeanor elderly abuse, the following are the penalties:
a. Informal probation;
b. One (1) year in county jail;
c. Payment of a fine of up to $6,000 or $10,000 for a second or subsequent conviction;
d. Restitution for medical and/or losses of the victim;
e. Mandatory attendance in abuse counseling;

b) For felony elderly abuse, the following are the penalties:
a. Formal probation;
b. Between two (2) to four (4) years in state prison and an additional three (3) to seven (7) years in prison if the victim suffers from great bodily injury;
c. Registration under California’s Three Strikes Law;
d. Payment of up to $10,000 in fines;
e. Restitution for losses and medical expenses for the accused;
f. Mandatory attendance in abuse counseling;

The crime of elder abuse is a serious matter in California. Should you be or know anyone undergoing this process, do reach out to the lawyers at the Law Offices of Ramiro J. Lluis for a free consultation today.